Facts about Blood Donation

RED CROSS SOCIETY IS FORMED BY ACT OF PARLIAMENT.

  • The number one reason donors say they give blood is because they "want to help others."
  • Two most common reasons cited by people who don't give blood are: "Never thought about it" and "I don't like needles."
  • One donation can help save the lives of up to three people.
  • If you began donating blood at age 18 and donated every 3 months until you reached 65, you would have donated 188 units of blood, potentially helping save more than 564 lives!
  • Mission 25/25 - Mission "Blood Donor 25/25" was launched by Ahmedabad Red Cross on 1st December 2005, touch silver jubilee of blood donation before 25 years of age.
  • The Indian Red Cross Society, Ahmedabad accepts blood donations only from volunteer donors.

FACTS ABOUT BLOOD AND ITS COMPONENTS

  • There are four types of transfusable products that can be derived from blood: red cells, platelets, plasma and cryoprecipitate.
  • Typically, two or three of these are produced from a unit of donated whole blood - hence each donation can help save up to three lives.
  • Donors can give either whole blood or specific blood components only. The process of donating specific blood components - red cells, plasma or platelets - is called aphorises.
  • One transfusion dose of platelets (6 to 8 units of random donor platelets) can be obtained through one apheresis donation of platelets or by combining the platelets derived from five whole blood donations.
  • Most donated red blood cells must be used within 42 days of collection.
  • Donated platelets must be used within five days of collection - new donations are constantly needed.
  • Plasma and cryoprecipitate are stored in frozen state and can be used for up to one year after collection.
  • Healthy bone marrow makes a constant supply of red cells, plasma and platelets. The body will replenish the elements given during a blood donation - some in a matter of hours and others in a matter of weeks.

DONOR WHO CAN GIVE BLOOD

Acupuncture

Donors who have undergone acupuncture treatments before 6 month are acceptable.

Age

Donor must be at least 18 years old to donate to the general blood supply. The upper age limit for blood donation is 65 years.

Antibiotics

A donor with an acute infection should not donate. The reason for antibiotic use must be evaluated to determine if the donor has a bacterial infection that could be transmissible by blood.

Acceptable after 3 days of finishing oral antibiotics for an infection (bacterial or viral).

Antibiotic by injection for an infection acceptable 10 days after last injection.

Acceptable if you are taking antibiotics to prevent an infection.

Aspirin

Donor taking aspirin can donate whole blood at any time.

Donors donating platelets can donate after 72 hours of last dose of aspirin.

Asthma

Donors with Acute asthama can not donate.

Acceptable as long as you are not having difficulty breathing at the time of donation and you otherwise feel well. Medications for asthma do not disqualify you from donating.

Bleeding Condition

If donor has history of bleeding problems, he/she can not donate.

Blood Pressure, High

Acceptable as long as your blood pressure is below 170 systolic and below 100 diastolic at the time of donation.

Blood Pressure, Low

Acceptable as long as you feel well when you come to donate, and your blood pressure is at least 100/60 (systolic/diastolic).

Blood Transfusion

Wait for 12 months after receiving a blood transfusion.

Cancer

Donor is deferred permanently

Chronic Illnesses

Most chronic illnesses are acceptable as long as you feel well, the condition is under control, and you meet all other eligibility requirements.

Cold, Flu

Wait if you have a fever or a productive cough
Wait if you do not feel well on the day of donation.

Dental Procedures and Oral Surgery

Acceptable after 6 months of dental procedures.

Diabetes

Diabetics who are on insulin can not donate.

Diabetics who are well controlled on oral medications with no vascular complication are eligible to donate.

Donation Intervals

Wait at least 3 months between consecutive whole blood donations.
Wait at least 72 hours between consecutive platelet donations.
Wait at least 3 months for apheresis donation after whole blood donations.

Heart Disease

In general, not acceptable with heart related symptoms.

Hemoglobin

Acceptable if you have hemoglobin at or above 12.5 g/dL.

Hepatitis, Jaundice

If you had hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) caused by Hepatitis A virus, you cannot donate for 1 year.

If you ever tested positive for hepatitis B or hepatitis C, at any age, you are not eligible to donate, even if you were never sick or jaundiced from the infection.

Hepatitis Exposure

If you live with or have had sexual contact with a person who has hepatitis, you must wait 12 months after the last contact.

Persons who have been detained or incarcerated in a facility (juvenile detention, lockup, jail, or prison) for more than 72 consecutive hours (3 days) are deferred for 12 months from the date of last occurrence. This includes work release programs and weekend incarceration. These persons are at higher risk for exposure to infectious diseases.

Wait 12 months after receiving a blood transfusion (unless it was your own "autologous" blood), non-sterile needle stick/body piercing or exposure to someone else's blood.

HIV, AIDS

You should not give blood if you have AIDS or have ever had a positive HIV test, or if you have done something that puts you at risk for becoming infected with HIV.

You are at risk for getting infected if you:

  • have ever used needles to take drugs, steroids, or anything not prescribed by your doctor
  • are a male who has had sexual contact with another male, even once, since 1977
  • have ever taken money, drugs or other payment for sex since 1977
  • have had sexual contact in the past 12 months with anyone described above
  • received clotting factor concentrates for a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia

You should not give blood if you have any of the following conditions that can be signs or symptoms of HIV/AIDS

  • unexplained weight loss (10 pounds or more in less than 2 months)
  • night sweats
  • blue or purple spots in your mouth or skin
  • white spots or unusual sores in your mouth
  • lumps in your neck, armpits, or groin, lasting longer than one month
  • diarrhea that won’t go away
  • cough that won’t go away and shortness of breath, or
  • fever higher than 100.5 F lasting more than 10 days

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Women on hormone replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms and prevention of osteoporosis are not eligible to donate.

Infections

If you have a fever or an active infection, wait until the infection has resolved completely before donating blood.

Insulin

Donors with diabetes and are on insulin cannot donate blood.

Intravenous Drug Use

Those who have ever used IV drugs that were not prescribed by a physician are not eligible to donate.

Malaria

Malaria is transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes found in certain countries and may be transmitted to patients through blood transfusion. Blood donWait 3 months after diagnosed for malaria

Piercing (ears, body)

Acceptable as long as the instruments used were sterile or single-use equipment.

Wait 6 months if there is any question whether or not the instruments used were sterile and free of blood contamination.

Pregnancy, Nursing

Persons who are pregnant are not eligible to donate. Wait 12 months after giving birth.

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Donors who had undergone treatment for syphilis or gonorrhea or any sexually transmitted diseases cannot donate permanently.

Skin Disease, Rash, Acne

Acceptable as long as the skin over the vein to be used to collect blood is not affected. If the skin disease has become infected, wait until the infection has cleared before donating. Taking antibiotics to control acne does not disqualify you from donating.

Surgery

It is not necessarily surgery but the underlying condition that precipitated the surgery that requires evaluation before donation. Evaluation is on a case by case basis.

Donors undergoing major surgery cannot donate for 12 months and minor surgery cannot donate for 6 months.

Tattoo

Wait for12 months after a tattoo if the tattoo.

Tuberculosis

If you have active tuberculosis or are being treated for active tuberculosis you should not donate.

Wait for 5 years after treatment is successfully completed before donating.

Weight

You must weigh at least 45 kg to be eligible for blood donation for your own safety.